Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS)
Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a condition affecting the child’s ability to speak.
It is quite a rare condition affecting about 1-2 children per 1000. Children with Apraxia have a problem with the brain’s communication with their mouth muscles. A child with apraxia will know what they want to say and do not have weak mouth muscles. It is not a condition that a child outgrows, and without treatment, the child will not get better at speaking. Fortunately, with the right treatment, they will make improvements.
Signs and symptoms of apraxia
CAS symptoms vary from child to child and by age. The main symptoms by age include:
- 18 – 24 months – early signs of childhood apraxia of speech include delayed use of first words and limited ability to form consonant and vowel sounds.
- 2 – 4 years – distortions of consonants and vowels, pauses in syllables
Other symptoms include;
- Erratic production of vowel sounds
- The child will have inconsistencies when producing the same word in multiple trials.
- She will have clumsy movements when moving across sounds.
- Trial-error behavior when producing speech
- Restricted babbling
- Adding extra sounds or syllables in words
- Fast or slow symbol segmentation
- Issues with feeding when as an infant
Treatment for Childhood Apraxia of Speech
Treating childhood apraxia of speech aims to help the child to say sentences, words, and sounds clearly. During the childhood apraxia of speech treatment therapies, your child will learn to prepare movements required to make certain sounds and make these movements at the right time and in the right manner. It focuses on improving the child’s overall coordination, targeted sound production, and movement.
A speech-language pathologist (SLP) is responsible for designing the treatment plan for your child. The SLP will employ motor learning principles and a multi-sensory approach that is motor based. Treatment for childhood apraxia of speech relies on frequency and repetition for success. The experts recommend the gold standard of ten thirty-minute sessions per week or a minimum of five thirty-minute sessions.
- What is childhood apraxia of speech 250?
It is a motor speech condition that affects one’s ability to speak, such that the brain cannot control when and how the jaw, tongue, and lips move to produce speech properly.
- How common is childhood apraxia of speech 70?
It is quite uncommon, affecting one to two children out of every one thousand, translating to 0.1% to 0.2%.
- What causes childhood apraxia of speech 60?
The cause is often unknown, but it can result from damage to the brain through a syndrome or a genetic disorder.
- How to treat childhood apraxia of speech 30?
Treatment is largely through speech-language therapy.
- How to diagnose childhood apraxia of speech 20?
Only an expert SLP can do a diagnosis of childhood apraxia of speech. The SLP examines the child’s intonation, oral-motor skills, and how he can say different sounds.